When you get a brand new puppy dog all you want to do is shower it with affection! But one of the main responsibilities is making sure that your puppy is well and healthy.
A puppy is more vulnerable to illnesses and diseases compared to full grown dogs that are vaccinated and have immune systems that are mature. Some of the most common puppy dog health problems are:
1. Intestinal parasites – Roundworms and hookworms attack puppies early on in life. Some of the symptoms that you should look out for are an upset stomach and loose stool. It is not uncommon for puppies to have intestinal parasites form the time they are born – they can even get it through their mother’s milk. If you feel that your puppy has intestinal parasites, consult you local vet. Your vet will provide medicine that can be taken orally, and should paralyze the worms until they pass through the dog’s stool.
2. Canine distemper – Distemper is known to cause weight loss, nerve damage and can be quite dangerous, if left untreated. Some of the symptoms of this disease are a runny nose and loss of appetite. This disease is carried mainly by raccoons and dogs that are not vaccinated. Since there is no known medicine that can treat canine distemper, all you can do during this time is to provide your puppy dog with comfort care. Make sure that you pamper your puppy dog, provide warmth and plenty of fluids. Vaccination is the best way you can prevent canine distemper in your puppy.
3. Coccidia – Your puppy can get infected with this parasite which is generally found in stagnant and standing water. If your puppy was not kept in a clean and sanitary place soon after birth, there are good chances that this parasite has attacked it. Some of the symptoms include blood in the stool, diarrhea and dehydration. However, your vet can prescribe medicine to kill this parasite altogether. A good precaution that you can take in order to prevent this disease altogether is to keep the environment very clean.
4. Heartworm disease – This disease takes a long time to show up and it could be up to 6 to 7 months before you notice it in your puppy. It can be passed on by a mosquito that bites another dog with heartworm disease, and then bites your dog. This disease is very deadly and might cause lung disease and heart failure. Some of the symptoms that you should look out for are decrease in appetite, fatigue, and weight loss. A good way that you can prevent this disease is by giving your puppy a heartworm preventative pill each month. If your vet determines that your puppy has this disease, your puppy will get medication that will kill the heartworms and your puppy may also be hospitalized, depending on the severity of the issue.
5. Hypoglycemia – Hypoglycemia is a common puppy dog health problem. Your puppy can have low blood sugar if he eats less, so it’s important to always make sure that your puppy has enough to eat. You should constantly monitor its eating habits if you want to prevent this health problem. Some signs are lethargy and seizures in extreme cases. If your puppy has got this disease, offer a nutritious diet and the medication that is prescribed by your vet.
Your puppy dog can get sick or injured just like humans do. One of the best ways in which you can support and prepare for potential health problems is to opt for puppy dog health insurance. Pet insurance is designed so that you have the best vet care and financial assistance should anything go wrong with your puppy. When you have puppy dog health insurance you will not think twice about the monetary cost and will be equipped in providing the best medical assistance to your pet. Pet health insurance along with some good health tips for your puppy can help you to care for them in the best way possible.
Listed below are some simple puppy dog health tips that will go a long way in order to prevent puppy dog health problems:
1. Look for warning signs – One of the best puppy dog health tips is to always look out for any odd behavior displayed by your puppy. Some of these behaviors include changes in eating habits, coughing, loss in weight, bald patches, vomiting, licking or biting some parts of their body and so on. Aggressive and sudden sleepiness too could be a warning sign of a health problem.
2. Visit to the vet – A regular visit to your vet is a very important part of looking after your puppy dog. Once you adopt a new puppy you should visit the vet within two weeks and make sure that your puppy is given all the required vaccines. Also ensure that tick and flea prevention measures are taken, and there are no noticeable health conditions. Your vet will be able to provide important tips, such as how to clean the puppy’s ears, and can also give good information on helping your puppy with anxiety or disobedience, as well as give some training tips.
3. Prevent parasites – Talk to your vet about parasites like ticks, fleas, heart worms and other diseases, and take precautions to prevent them. For instance, fleas lead to anemia and ticks cause Lyme disease.
4. Exercise – Dogs need exercise just as much as humans do. Exercise for a dog will help to keep them at a consistent and healthy weight. It also provides an outlet for mental and physical energy. Find out which activity your puppy loves best and try and incorporate it into his daily exercise routine.
5. Oral care – Make sure to clean your puppy’s teeth and get started on brushing habits right away. Always check that your puppy’s gum and tongue is a healthy color. You can also get it some toys or dental chews to keep its gums strong. Nowadays dog food that is formulated for your puppy’s oral health is easily available in the market.
Puppies are vulnerable and can face dangerous health problems. But if you take precautions and look after your puppy well right from the start, your puppy is sure to lead a happy and healthy life!